Space Frame

What is Space Frame?

space frame

The space frame structure, also called a space structure is a type of construction that uses interconnected beams and trusses to support loads in a geometric pattern. This unique space frame structure offers several advantages over traditional building methods, including its ability to span large distances without the need for additional support.

Types of Space Frames

There are a variety of space frames described below, depending on the curvature and how the elements are arranged.

Element Arrangement Based Classification

single layer grid

To approximate the surface, all elements are placed on it. Barrel vaults, and spherical domes are examples.

Double layer grid

Two parallel layers are created perpendicular to each other at a fixed distance apart. The space between the two layers can be used for a variety of purposes, such as installing electricity, electrical and thermal piping. The projection of the nodes in each layer may overlap or be displaced relative to one another, forming a lattice of triangles, squares, or hexagons. In various directions in space, diagonal bars connect the nodes of both layers. The upper cordon, cordon, and cordon lower diagonal are the three groups of elements in this type of meshes.

Triple layer grid

The diagonal bars connect the three layers of elements, which are placed in three parallel lines. They’re nearly always flat, with a few exceptions.

Curvature-based classification

Space Plane Covers

Planar substructures make up these spatial structures. The deflections in the space plane covers are channeled via the horizontal bars, and the shear forces are supported by the diagonals, similar to how a plate behaves.

Barrel Vaults

A simple arch cross section defines this kind of vault. As a component of barrel vaults foundation, this sort of space frame system does not necessitate the usage of tetrahedral modules or pyramids. The evaluation is mostly done using STAAD in the section type barrel vault, which is organized according to IS: 800-2007. This report provides evaluations of models for range, extreme redirection, self-weight, and cost.

Tetrahedral modules or pyramids, as well as additional support from a skin, are often required for spherical domes and other compound curves.

Advantages of Space Frame Structure

space frame structure

Space frames are extreme and can span large distances with few interior supports. This makes them ideal for use in stadiums, aircraft hangars, and other large structures.

Space frames can be erected quickly and easily due to having removable sections, which is often crucial in disaster relief situations.

Space frames are highly versatile and can be adapted to meet the specific needs of a given project.

The lightness, overall structure efficiency, and optimal usage of materials make the space frame structure ideal.

For a variety of applications, such as hanging covers, space meshes, spherical domes, and more complex variations, the space frame system is an elegant and cost-effective way to cover large roof spans.

Space Frame Components

double layer grid

A space grid system consists of a series of interconnected elements, usually made from steel structures or aluminum space frame, that are arranged in a repeating pattern. The space frame structure is also used in the construction of space vehicles and other structures where weight and space are critical factors.

The main components of a space frame are the nodes and the links. The nodes are the points where the space frame elements intersect, and they provide support for the loads placed on the space frames. The links are the elements that connect the nodes, and they transfer loads between the nodes. Space frames are typically composed of triangular trusses or beams, which are rectangular.

Deflections are small because of the high inherent rigidity of the triangle.

Space Frame Architecture

double layer grid

The main advantage of space frame architecture is that it allows for the construction of large structures with minimal use of internal supports. This makes it ideal for buildings such as arenas, stadiums, and other large spaces where a clear, open layout is desired.

Design of Space Frame Structure

types of space frame

A space frame is a type of structural system that uses interconnected trusses to create a rigid, three-dimensional framework in a geometric pattern. In most cases, space frames are designed using a rigidity matrix that is independent of the angular factors. If the joints are stiff enough, then their angular deflections can be disregarded, simplifying the calculations. A horizontal slab of interlocking square pyramids and tetrahedra built from aluminum or tubular steel struts is the simplest form of space frames.

Overall structure looks a lot like a tower crane, which has a horizontal jib that is repeated many times. A stronger form is composed of interlocking tetrahedra in which all the length of each strut have the same. This is technically known as an isotropic vector matrix or an octet truss in a single unit width. Space frames are often used in the design of aircraft, spacecraft, and buildings where other designers framing techniques would be impractical or too costly and sometimes can be designed with removable sections, joined by bolted pin joints.

Disadvantages of Space Frame Structure

To erect space frame structures, skilled workers are necessary.

Applications of Space Frame Structure

Aircraft Hangars

Pneumatic structures

Assembly Halls


Sport Structures


Pleated Metallic Structures

Space Frame Structure Commercial and Industrial Buildings

Space Frame Structures

space frame system

A space frame is a type of roof structure that is made up of a series of connected elements in parallel layers. The most common type of space frame is the lattice truss, which consists of a series of diagonal or x-shaped members that are connected at their ends. Space frame structures are commonly used in industrial and commercial buildings because they offer several advantages over more traditional roof structures.

For example, space frames can span large distances without the need for support columns, and they are also very efficient in terms of their use of materials. In addition, space frames are extremely strong and can resist high winds and seismic activity. As a result, they are often used in areas where there is a risk of earthquakes or hurricanes.

Space Frame Construction System

geometric pattern

A space frame is a construction system composed of linear elements that are arranged in a three-dimensional space. The most common type of space frame is the lattice truss, which consists of triangular units that are connected to their vertices.

Space frame structures are also popular in the automotive industry, where they are used to construct the space frame chassis and body of vehicles. In recent years, space frame structures have begun to be used more frequently in modern building construction.

Space Structure

A space structure is a type of engineering structure consisting of interconnected horizontal bars, typically made from steel or aluminum.

Design of Space Frames

architectural space frame

The space frame structure is a strong yet lightweight structure that is commonly used in the construction of buildings and other large structures. Space frame design calculations involve the use of mathematical formulas to determine the optimal configuration of the frame.

This ensures that the space frame is strong enough to support the weight of the structure, while also being light enough to maintain a reasonable amount of space between the supports. Space frame design calculations are essential for ensuring the safety and stability of any structure that uses this type of support.

Space Frame Companies in UAE

spatial structures

Space frame members are generally connected at their ends by joints. The space frame structure can be used to construct structures of any size, from small buildings to large stadiums. Space frame structures are often used in the construction of race cars and aircraft, as well as in the construction of industrial and commercial buildings.

Metalart is an expert among space frame companies in UAE and offers a wide range of services, including the design and construction of space frame structures. The space frame is a versatile technology that can be used to create structures of any shape or size.

Space frame companies in UAE have the experience and expertise to design and build space frame structures that meet the specific needs of their clients. Space frame companies in UAE offer a variety of space frame systems and attached components that can be used to construct space frame structures of any size or shape.

Space Frame Manufacturer in UAE

triple layer grid

Metalart is a space frame manufacturer in UAE that is used in the construction of commercial and industrial buildings. Its popularity is due to its lightweight yet strong construction, as well as its ability to span large distances without support. Space frame manufacturer in UAE has also been used in the construction of the aircraft industry and train station.

Space Frame Structure

A true space frame or space structure can be easily customized to fit any shape or size, hence such a structure, making them an ideal choice for buildings of all sizes and types. The space frame structure is lightweight and flexible, allowing it to be used in a wide range of applications. Whether you are looking for a space frame structure manufacturer in UAE or simply want to explore the many benefits of this type of construction system, there is no doubt that space frame structures have much to offer.

Space Frame Chassis

space frame system

A space frame chassis is a type of car chassis that uses a space frame to support the car’s body. Space frame and tube frame chassis are both skeletal frames of tubes to which suspension, engine, and body panels are attached. The difference is that a space frame is designed such that all the forces in each strut are either tensile or compression, never bending, while a tube-frame chassis behaves mechanically as a tube ladder chassis with additional brackets to support components.

The advantage of using tubes rather than the previous open channel sections is that they resist torsional forces better. Some tube chassis was little more than a ladder chassis made with two large diameter tubes, or even a single tube as a backbone chassis. Although many tubular chassis developed additional tubes and were even designed with beautiful curved lines, they retained their basic ladder structure.

The main disadvantage of ladder chassis designs is that they are inherently flexible, which can lead to handling problems. The space frame overcomes this problem by triangulating the pipes so that they resist bending forces extremely well. This gives great rigidity for their weight, making them ideal for high-performance applications such as racing cars. However, space frames are more difficult and expensive to construct than tube frames, so they are not as common in mass-production vehicles.

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